Johnson says of the experience, "It's made me reconsider the existence of extraterestials [sic]. Using Quotation Marks The primary function of quotation marks is to set off and represent exact language either spoken or written that has come from somebody else. In this case, it is not necessary to use quotation marks.
You may paraphrase existing material as long as you provide a proper citation after the paraphrase. Punctuating with Quotation Marks Parenthetical citations With short quotations, place citations outside of closing quotation marks, followed by sentence punctuation period, question mark, comma, semi-colon, colon: Fowler's Modern English Usage is "a classic of the language," but he asks, "Is it a dead classic?
The quotations are used in accordance with the writer's purpose, i. These fall into three general categories: Hertzberg notes that "treating the Constitution as imperfect is not new," but because of Dahl's credentials, his "apostasy merits attention" p.
What to include in literary analysis Take a look at this sample paragraph. Along with Justice Cardozo, Chief Justice Marshall, and perhaps a few others, they are considered the legends of American legal history.
You need not place quotation marks around a term of art, nor do you need to cite to a source, although you may want to provide a cite in order to strengthen the point you are asserting. Use the following tips to guide you in your choice. Be sure to review those sections carefully because mastery of the rules there does not come naturally to most legal writers.
Use direct quotations when the author you are quoting has coined a term unique to her or his research and relevant within your own paper. In other cases you will want to paraphrase, i. The following rules of quotation mark use are the standard in the United States, although it may be of interest that usage rules for this punctuation do vary in other countries.
Use commas to set off dialogue tags such as "she said" or "he explained. Place colons and semicolons outside closed quotation marks. This guide has separate sections on using brackets, ellipses, and quotation marks.
It is important to realize also that when you are using MLA or some other form of documentation, this punctuation rule may change. It is generally better to use your own words so that the text you write will have a logical progression and consistent style from sentence to sentence.
You should not put quotation marks around paraphrased material. This is a common question asked by many people. According to HertzbergDahl gives the U.
Congress may regulate speech if that speech would "create a clear and present danger" of a specific harm against which Congress may legislate.
Johnson has seen odd happenings on the farm, he stated that the spaceship "certainly takes the cake" when it comes to unexplainable activity.
Think of the text in terms of units--words, phrases, sentences, and groups of sentences paragraphs, stanzas --and use only the units you need. Our constitution is color-blind.When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. A rundown of the general rules of when and where to use quotation marks.
Use a comma to introduce a quotation after a standard dialogue tag, a brief introductory phrase, or a dependent clause. Invention for Research Writing; What to Do When You Are Stuck; Non-Purdue. When to Use Quotation Marks for Defined Terms or Acronyms.
When to Use Quotation Marks for Defined Terms or Acronyms; Advertisement. Poll. Follow @PersuasiveA on Twitter. Blog dedicated to legal research and writing, law school, and the broader legal world.
Do not use quotation marks around terms of art. A term of art is a phrase that has become so well accepted and pervasive in a particular field that it is no longer considered proprietary to its original author. A rundown of the general rules of when and where to use quotation marks.
Use a comma to introduce a quotation after a standard dialogue tag, a brief introductory phrase, or a dependent clause. The detective said, "I am sure who performed the murder.". If you need to quote something that already includes a quotation in it, then place the regular "double" quotation marks at the beginning and the end of the complete quotation, and use special "single" quotation marks for the quote within the quote.
simple things, such as when to use single and double quotation marks. Fortunately, a well-crafted lesson on quoting can fill in lots of these gaps and help students at the top, middle, and bottom of the class Teaching Legal Research and Writing | Vol. 14 | No. 1 | Fall This is not to say that courts and law review articles should never.Download