Understanding how acid rain forms and its impact

The acidity of any solution is determined on the pH scale of 0 to Nitric acid in rainwater is an important source of fixed nitrogen for plant life, and is also produced by electrical activity in the atmosphere such as lightning. An ecosystem is a community of plants, animals and other organisms along with their environment including the air, water and soil.

Forms of Acid Rain There are two forms in which acid deposition occurs — wet and dry. Acid Rain as the name suggests can be said to be the precipitation of acid in the form of rain in the simplest manner.

When in atmosphere, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide gases and their particulate matter derivatives like sulfates and nitrates, degrades visibility and can cause accidents, leading to injuries and deaths.

Liming, however, is expensive and its effects are only temporary - it needs to be continued until the acid rain stops.

Effects of Acid Rain

There was a decrease in species diversity, an increase in community dominants, and a decrease in the food web complexity. Not all fish, shellfish, or the insects that they eat can tolerate the same amount of acid.

The smoke that comes from a fire or the fumes that come out of a car exhaust don't just contain the sooty grey particles that you can see - they also contains lots of invisible gases that can be even more harmful to our environment.

Power stations, factories and cars all burn fuels and therefore they all produce polluting gases. Causes of Acid Rain Both natural and man-made sources are known to play a role in the formation of acid rain. A statue which has been withered away due to Acid Rain Real life examples: Although the term has since faded from public consciousness, acid rain is a complex and global problem that still exists today.

Furthermore, it only offers a short-term solution at the expense of solving the broader challenges of SO2 and NOx emissions and risks to human health. It is not just trees that are affected by acid rain, other plants may also suffer.

Effects on Forests and Soils Acid rain has been implicated in forest and soil degradation in many areas of the eastern United States, particularly high elevation forests of the Appalachian Mountains from Maine to Georgia.

Taj Mahal, one of the 7 wonders of the world, is largely affected by acid rain. Buffering capacity depends on the thickness and composition of the soil as well as the type of bedrock beneath the forest floor. Cloud or fog deposition, a form of wet deposition, occurs at high elevations and in coastal areas.

This scale goes from 0 to Phase I began inand limited sulphur dioxide emissions from of the largest power plants to a combined total of 8. As of today, all energy sources have environmental and economic costs as well as benefits.

The roe and fry eggs and young of the fish are the worst affected, the acidity of the water can cause deformity in young fish and can prevent eggs from hatching properly.

Acid rain is a result of air pollution. Freshwater shrimps, snails, mussels are the most quickly affected by acidification followed by fish such as minnows, salmon and roach.Aug 01,  · Acid Rain - What is Acid Rain?

What are the harmful effects and Causes of Acid Rain? Understand the definition, formula, pH, formation, solutions and more. Acid Rain - What is Acid Rain?

How Is Acid Rain Formed?

What are the harmful effects and Causes of Acid Rain? Acid Rain as the name suggests can be said to be the precipitation of acid in the form of rain. Acid rain occurs when sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides are released into the air where they rise and mix with water, oxygen and other chemicals.

Sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides dissolve very easily in water and can travel great distances to combine with the moisture in the air. The rain from these clouds then falls as very weak acid - which is why it is known as "acid rain".

What is Acid Rain?

How acidic is acid rain? Acidity is measured using a scale called the pH scale. The causes of acid rain, how acid rain affects our environment and our health, and what regulatory actions have been put in place to reduce the pollutants that cause acid rain. Acid rain is a rain or any other form of precipitation that is unusually acidic, meaning that it has elevated levels of hydrogen ions (low pH).

It can have harmful effects on plants, aquatic animals and infrastructure. A Discussion on the Issue of Global Warming, Its Causes and Impact. words. 1 page. The Formation and Effects of Acid Rain on Different Ecosystems.

words. 1 page. Understanding How Acid Rain Forms and Its Devastating Effects. words. 2 pages. A Look at the Concept of Sustainability. words. 1 page. A Problem of Acid Rain in Our.

Understanding how acid rain forms and its impact
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